St. Vincent has a wide diversity of biological resources. According to the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (2006), the following species that have been recorded on SVG:
Mammals – 17 species, including 12 species of bats.
Birds – 190 species including 2 island endemics, the St. Vincent Parrot (Amazona guildingii) and the Whistling Warbler (Catharopeza bishopi) and over 14 regional endemics. Two endemic subspecies of Myadestes genibarbis and Troglodytes aedon also exist.
Reptiles – 21 species, including 5 endemics, - four lizards: Anolis griseus, Anolis trinitatus, Sphaerodactylus kirbyi (endemic to Bequia and Mustique), and Gonatodes daudini (endemic to Union Island) and one snake - the Black Snake (Chironius vincentii). There are 4 species of turtles, Hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata), Green (Chelonia mydas), Loggerhead (Caretta caretta) and Leatherback (Dermochelys coraica). Two of the 21 species are apparently recent invasive species.
Amphibians – 4 species including one endemic, Eleuthrodactylus shrevei, and two invasive species.
Plants – 1,150 species of flowering plants with 16 endemics. There are 163 species of ferns, 4 are endemic, including the Tree Fern (Cyathea tenera) found on the uppermost ridges within cloud and rain forests.
Fresh water – There are 25 fresh and brackish water species.
Marine – There are over 500 marine species including 450 species of finfish, 12 species of whales and dolphins, 4 species of turtles, 9 species of gastropods, 11 species of seaweed and 30 species of corals recorded.
25 species of diplopods (centipedes and millipedes), 220 species of arachnids, 2,000 species of insects, and 35 terrestrial crustaceans have been recorded in the country.
875 species of molluscs (75 terrestrial and aquatic, 800 marine) exists.
16 species of nematodes have been recorded for Union Island alone
St. Vincent and the Grenadines has made progress in responding to the environmental issues, especially in formulating policies and plans. but like many small island states, implementation and enforcement are still lacking by lack of resources (financial and human), inadequate integrated sectorial policies and poor coordination at the ministry/agency level.
At Richmond Vale Academy we have started to do our part to protect marine life. Through our Diving Center we teach marine wildlife protection and how to catch and prepare the invasive species Lion Fish.
Our Dive Center is located next to the Richmond Beach. We have several dive locations and a fantastic underwater wall just at our beach. The waters of the northern part of the island of St. Vincent are unspoilt, virgin and scenery.
Hello! Hallo! Hej! So have you heard about biodiversity? This little word means literally the different life forms found on the planet, in different ecosystems. Biodiversity is what's keeping everything together and us – alive.
Here in SVG there are two types of lionfish, which have invaded the West Atlantic and Caribbean Sea. The lionfish can range from 5 to 45 cm in length, weighing from 0.025 to 1.3 kg.