Today most energy is produced in generators from diesel. The rest, 17% of the energy on St Vincent island, is from hydropower. In the Grenadines practically all energy is produced in diesel generators. Most households are connected to the grid. Electricity is five times as expensive as in the US.
Most homes have installed energy saving light bulbs donated by Cuba and solar water heating systems are becoming more common.
20 % of the population owns a car.
The government is investigating to establish geothermal energy. Biofuel production is not viable with the price of labor and more profitable use of the land for agriculture is used for food production.
The stronger hurricanes will affect energy supply, where the centralized systems with a national grid are more vulnerable.
An energy compliant St Vincent in 2021
Vincentians mobilized in grand common actions have become carbon neutral by 2021.
As prices for solar electricity falls, and electricity from fossil fuel increases, interest in energy saving practices and green energy will increase. Solar panels will also become more popular because they are less vulnerable to hurricanes than centralized systems; if taken down before the hurricane hits.
Solar energy systems as they are currently priced, can pay for the investment within 5-7 years.
Distances on St Vincent are so short that current electrical cars and minivans can cover the needs of most people. Windpower, solar, hydro and geothermal electricity can supply the needed power.
People can maybe be convinced to invest in hybrid pickup trucks, or electrical ones if such ones become available. The use of fossil fuels by these cars will need to be offset through carbon storing agricultural practices.
The Climate Compliance Conference will study, research, and take action for an energy compliant St. Vincent.
Through Anchor Theme 2: Climate Compliance Actions for Energy- the conference will be digging deep into becoming Climate Compliant within the area of energy production and energy consumption - for transportation, electricity and production.
For each Anchor Theme there are hundreds, if not thousands, of questions to dig into. The list for each theme is constantly being changed and amplified by each of the teams going through their six month program of making Richmond Vale Academy and St. Vincent Climate Compliant.
Example of 10 topics the conference will work with:
1. How can solar power for electricity be put to use in St. Vincent on a large scale? As smaller installations for families?
2. Wave power for electricity - the science and examples of how it is being developed and used around the world. Is there something here that St. Vincent could use?
3. What is happening on the international scene with regard to renewable energy? Are funding possibilities to be had, either for the private sector or for St. Vincent as a country?
4. Efficiency in electricity consumption -what is the average consumption of electricity with the average set up of appliances and lightning? What can be gained by achieving better efficiency, and how?
5. Installing and using solar power in single family homes.
6. Installing and using biogas for cooking in single family homes.
7. How can garbage be used to generate electricity?
8. What is happening with electric cars, and what is the potential for St. Vincent?
9. Reforming construction practices to build more energy efficient houses.
10. The tourist industry - establishing and offset mechanism that will benefit the environment as much as the tourist industry benefits from the environment.