St. Vincent and the Grenadines (SVG) consists of the main island of St. Vincent (345 km2), and the northern Grenadines (44 km2) which includes the islands of Bequia, Mustique, Canouan, Mayreau, Union Island, Palm Island, Petit St. Vincent, and 28 uninhabited islets.
The combined population of SVG is approximately 110,000 people. SVG's annual per capita income of US $1,730 places it in the ranks of the least developed countries within the United Nations system.
SVG boasts a diverse collection of biological resources. St. Vincent is mountainous and fertile, and has significant tropical rainforest which provides the natural habitat for the St. Vincent parrot and other wildlife. The Grenadines, in contrast, consists of low dry islands surrounded by extensive coral reefs.
In total, more than 1,150 species of flowering plants, 163 species of ferns, 4 species of amphibians, 16 species of reptiles, 111 species of birds, and 15 species of mammals have been identified on SVG.
The relatively small and confined nature of the islands eco-system creates a special need for the protection of their natural, and in particular, biological resources.
(Source: St. Vincent National Biodiversity Strategy & Action Plan)