Gaia - the name from the Greek mythology for Mother Earth - was used by the English chemist James Lovelock to describe his theory that the Earth is alive.
That atmospheric gasses, rocks and water are regulated by the activities of living organisms. That the Earth is more than the elements it contains because of the interactions and symbiosis. That all organisms, humans included, are not separate independent units but depend very much on the others for continued survival on the Earth. From the millions of virus in every bit of seawater to the elephants. From the fungus in the soil to the giant redwood trees.
The balances are threatened by human activities. The examples are numerous and well documented. The biological systems of the Earth - the systems that temper climate, purify and store water, recycle wastes and produce the foods - are at risk.
These conditions must be changed and we are the only organisms with the ability to change them. We have or must develop the technology that allows us to stop the destructive activities and reach a dynamic equilibrium to the benefit and future of all organisms on Earth.
This is what The Climate Compliance Conference actively works for.
As James Lovelock writes:
"We have inherited a planet of exquisite beauty. It is the gift of four billion years of evolution. We need to regain our ancient feeling for Earth as an organism and revere it again. Gaia has been the guardian of life for all of its existence; we reject her care at our peril. We can use technology to buy us time while we reform but we remain accountable for the damage we do. The longer we take the larger the bill. If you put trust in Gaia, it can be a commitment as strong and as joyful as that of a good marriage - one where the partners put their trust in one another. The fact that they are mortal makes that trust even more precious."
Read more in:
Lovelocks foreword to Elisabeth Sahtouris' book "Earthdance":